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2021/06

# 大学英语2参考答案-联大学堂-高等继续教育网

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[单选题,3分]
Most people agree that the present role of women has already affected U.S. society. it has affected the traditional role of men.

A.Above all
B.In all
C.At most
D.At last

2[单选题,3分]
Salaries for positions seem to be higher than for permanent ones.

A.legal
B.optional
C.voluntary
D.temporary

3[单选题,3分]
_ breaks the law will be punished without mercy.

A.Anyone
B.Who
C.Whoever
D.No matter who

4[单选题,3分]
We have come to a critical moment. You must take immediate ______.

A.action
B.activity
C.act
D.doings

5[单选题,3分]
Only those who can to lose their money should make high-risk investments.

A.maintain
B.sustairt
C.endure
D.afford

6[单选题,3分]
A sudden idea _ to him that he might try the new method.

A.occurred
B.took place
C.happened
D.took part

7[单选题,3分]
Problems can _ when people have no knowledge of the law.

A.rise
B.jump
C.arise
D.lift

8[单选题,3分]
There has been a collision a number of cars on the main road to town.

A.composing
B.consisting
C.involving
D.engaging

9[单选题,3分]
Wealth,education,and occupation can vary greatly _ members of middle class.

A.among
B.bewteen
C.from
D.inside

10[单选题,3分]
It is obvious that this new rule is applicable to everyone without .

A.exception
B.exclusion
C.modification
D.substitution

11[单选题,3分]
The chief concern _ foggy winter is that the lower temperaters and the absence of sunlight would severelydisrupt food production.

A.on
B.over
C.of
D.for

12[单选题,3分]

    elephants are difthrent from wild elephants in many aspects, including their tempers.


A.Cultivated
B.Regulated
C.Civil
D.Tame

13[单选题,3分]
The ship's generator broke down, and the pumps had to be operated instead of mechanically.

A.artificially
B.automatically
C.manually
D.synthetically

14[单选题,3分]
As one of the world's highest paid models, she had her face. for five million dollars.

A.deposiled
B.assured
C.measured
D.insured

15[单选题,3分]
Science and technology have in important ways to the improvement of agricultural production.

A.attached
B.assisted
C.contributed
D.witnessed

16[单选题,3分]
The date of the meeting has been __ from the 5th to 8th of June.

A.postponed
B.put forward
D.brought off

17[单选题,3分]
Could you lend me some money? I'm very ______of cash at the moment.

A.need
B.short
C.scarce
D.empty

18[单选题,3分]
His few personal belongings make it possible for him to move from place to place ___.

A.in ease
B.at ease
C.with ease
D.with easiness

19[单选题,3分]
He is _ to visit us if he knows where we live.

A.likely
B.probably
C.possibly
D.necessarily

20[单选题,3分]

A.speeific
B.special
C.precise
D.particular

21[翻译题,2分]

It is useful to know how these basic principles work.

22[翻译题,2分] 这女孩一如既往，工作很难勤奋。

The girl is working hard, as she often is.

23[翻译题,2分]

It was once thought that the main difference between animals and plants was that the former could move about while the latter could not.

24[翻译题,2分]

There are only four areas where very many diamonds have been found.

25[翻译题,2分]

I can hardly calm down with that noise doing on.

26[翻译题,2分]

It should not be forgotten that for everyone who steals, many more are there to spend their money-to the advantage of both the shops and the British economy.

27[翻译题,2分] 节食不当导致诸多问题并不意味着就没有安全的节食方法。

The fact that misguided forms of dieting result in so many problems does not mean taht no dieting is safe.

28[翻译题,2分]

Now the morden family, in which both the father and the mother are equal partners, is more common.

29[翻译题,2分]

If you look far into the distance, you see only the smoke-like blue haze, which is the dividing line between the heavens and the earth.

30[翻译题,2分] 众所周知，美国是世界上税收最重的国家。

It is known that the United States leads the world with the worst taxes.

31[翻译题,2分]

Whether he will come or not depends on various factors.

32[翻译题,2分]

As I sat here, I felt the time pass by.

33[翻译题,2分] 面试期间，如果想确知对方谈话的言下之意，就要敢于请求对方讲明，但一定要有礼貌。

Don’t be afraid to ask for clarification of something that has been said during the interview if you want to be sure what was implied, but do be polite.

34[翻译题,2分] 换种情况他会怎么做，谁说的准呢？

What would he have done in other circumstances, who can tell?

35[翻译题,2分]

Many states have a sales tax which is a percentage charged to any item you buy in that state.

36[填空题,2分]
Americans love their cars. When gas was _1_, Americans drove everywhere, even to buy something at a store two or three blocks away. On Sunday’s many families got into the car and went for a drive for an hour or two. _2_, many Americans have been changing their ideas about _3_. Today _4_walk or ride a bicycle to the store, and people think twice before they go for a drive on Sunday.

Today Americans are worried about saving energy in their homes, too. Before OPEC raised oil price, the typical American home and office building was too warm in the winter and too cool warm in the summer. Since 1973, Americans have been more careful with _5_. Many families _6_the heat to 15℃ at night and 18℃ during the day. Perhaps because of this, companies that make long underwear have been doing very well since 1973.

People _7_ everywhere to find ways to save heating oil and electricity. Many people have been buying old-fashioned stoves so as to burn wood. Most people have been more careful to _8_ electric lights. For several years the government has been giving tax money back to people when they improve their homes to save energy. For example, when people spend money to put new and better windows on their houses, the government returns some of their tax money.

Americans don’t like to give up their big cars, warm homes, and air conditioning, but _9_ the high price of oil, they _10_.

1. A. dear B. cheap C. less D. very few
2. A. Because less of money B. Because of so many people

C. Because of the high price of gas D. because of so many cars in the streets

1. A. walking B. buying C. sleeping D. driving
2. A. more people B. few people C. all people D. no people
3. A. heating and air conditioning B. cars and bicycles

C. food and clothing D. children and money

1. A. put up B. set in C. turn down D. turn into
2. A. looked B. look C. are looking D. have been looking
3. A. put on B. put in C. turn off D. turn on
4. A. at B. with C. for D. in
5. A. have a lot of choices B. can do many things

C. don’t have any choice D. walk to work

BCDAACDCBC

37[填空题,2分]
Americans believe so much in moving ahead that they are 1 researching, experimenting and exploring. They treat time as if it 2 real — a precious resource. They budget it, save it, waste it, steal it, kill it, cut it, account for it and charge for it. A foreigner’s first impression 3 the U.S. is that everyone is in a rush and often 4 pressure. City people always appear to be hurrying to get where they are going, restlessly seeking attention or elbowing others. Foreigners who miss smiles, brief conversations, or leisurely exchanges with strangers should not feel hurt by this. Americans value time so highly, they dislike anyone “wasting” it 5 an appropriate amount. New arrivals to the States will miss the custom of social talk during a business call because Americans generally 6 or enquire about their visitors professionally rather than socially. They start talking business very quickly; time is always ticking in their heads. They work hard at saving time 7 labor-saving devices so they communicate rapidly by fax, phone or email rather than through 8 contact. The impersonality of electronic communication has 9 to do with the significance of the matter 10 hand.

1. A. engaged to B. committed to C. devoted themselves to D. contribute to
2. A. were B. is C. was D. are
3. A. in B. on C. of D. to
4. A. under B. by C. in D. on
5. A. on B. to C. in D. beyond
6. A. assess B. assure C. assume D. access
7. A. in B. of C. to D. through
8. A. personnel B. personal C. personality D. impersonal
9. A. little B. no C. less D. least
10. A. of B. to C. at D. in

38[填空题,2分]
Zora’s hometown had a/an 1 Negro population and non-blacks were only ever seen passing 2_by the natives. The inhabitants_3 the Southerners ride through while continuing to casually chew their sugar cane. Northerners, however, drove automobiles and 4_different to Negro eyes. Most of native blacks peered out of the window_5 them while only the bravest 6 courageous enough to stand outside and watch the strange tourists go past. An unusual girl named Zora enjoyed talking with the Northerners 7_, when she waved at them, often stopped. She would happily chat _8_the strangers, while_9 them part of the way down the road, unless a family member appeared out of the house at which point the chat would be abruptly discontinued. To her at that time white people and black were only unlike to the _10_that whites did not live in her town.

1. A. entire B. entirely C. whole D. complete
2. A. away B. out C. up D. through
3. A. watched B. made C. warned D. enjoyed
4. A. covered B. discovered C. appeared D. disappeared
5. A. at B. on C. in D. for
6. A. was B. were C. be D. being
7. A. who B. whom C. which D. that
8. A. with B. without C. on D. about
9. A. accomplishing B. accompanying C. admiring D. affording
10. A. end B. question C. purpose D. extent

BDACABAABD

39[填空题,2分]
The traditional American Thanksgiving Day celebration goes back to 1621. In that year a special feast was prepared in Plymouth, Massachusetts. The colonists who had 1 there had left England because they felt deprived of religious freedom. They came to the 2 land and faced difficulties in coming 3 the ocean. The ship which carried them was 4 Mayflower. The North Atlantic was difficult to travel. There were bad storms. They were assisted in learning to live in the new land by the Indians who inhabited the region. The Puritans as they were called had 5 to be thankful for. Their 6 practices were no longer a source of 7 by the government. They learned to 8 their farming habits to the climate and soil. When they 9 the fourth Thursday of November for their Thanksgiving celebration, they invited their neighbours, the Indians, to join them in 10 and a prayer of gratitude for the new life. They recalled the group of 102 men, women, and children who left England. They remembered their dead who did not to live to see the shores of Massachusetts. They reflected on the 65 days’ voyage which tested their strength.

1. A) settled B) gone C) been D) stayed
2. A) poor B) new C) old D) strange
3. A) into B) over C) by D) across
4. A) titled B) known C) regarded D) called
5. A) many B) some C) much D) little
6. A) agricultural B) educational C) moral D) religious
7. A) criticism B) praise C) permission D) profit
9. A) appointed B) selected C) named D) took
10. A) competition B) dinner C) discussion D) worship

ABDDCCACBB

40[填空题,2分]
As more states require high school students to pass competence exams before graduating, evidence suggests that cheating among students is 1 the rise. Many educators are concerned 2 dishonest behavior among examinees, and have 3 a number of campaign to control cheating. In spite of their efforts, however, cheating seems to be increasingly 4 among students in both high schools and universities. Numerous arguments have been made about the cause of this widespread problem. Some experts believe it is 5 to changes in American society as a whole since, 6 earlier times, modern America is largely a nation of strangers. 7_, moral values are not taught or reinforced as they were in “the good old days”. Many educators feel that as students gain confidence _8 themselves and their abilities, they are 9 likely to cheat. Surprisingly, some efforts to prevent cheating may actually 10 cheating.

1. A. in B. at C. on D. to
2. A. about B. for C. to D. in
3. A. carried B. began C. formed D. launched
4. A. contagious B. appeared C. showed D. found
5. A. focused B. bound C. linked D. contrary
6. A. Like B. Unlike C. As D. At
7. A. But B. Nevertheless C. Because D. Additionally
8. A. to B. in C. for D. at
9. A. more B. much C. less D. most
10. A. encourage B. discourage C. approve D. disapprove